Worship Elements: Communion: Sacramental Union (John 6:22-65)

Our Lord makes the promise that the one who eats of the bread and drinks of the cup eats and drinks the flesh and blood of Christ.  How can Christ say such a thing?  We we really want to slaughter our Lord, cannibalize his body, and celebrate such a wicked act?  However, when Christ speaks this sounds exactly like what Christ is inviting us to do.  So, what do we do with this strong language?  How can such language be encouraging?

Communion Instituted (Luke 22:1-23)

Our Lord gathers together with his disciples to celebrate passover.  It is during this passover feast that Christ and the disciples have the first communion or Lord’s Supper. It would seem that if the Lord’s Supper is instituted at passover that the Lord’s Supper and passover would be the same thing.  However, reformed people have not seen them being the exact same thing.  How can we make a distinction between the Lord’s Supper and the Passover?  What has Christ stated that helps us understand this disinction?

Worship Elements: Communion: Judge Yourselves (1 Corinthians 10:14-22; 11:17-34)

Paul lays out the declaration for the Lord’s people to judge themselves prior to coming to the Lord’s Supper.  What does this judgment look like?  Paul warns the Corinthian church that some people have actually died because they failed to judge themselves.  How do we know if we have judged ourselves appropriately?  

Worship Elements: Communion: Core Warning (1 Corinthians 10:14-22; 11:17-34)

Paul, the apostle, gives a very stern warning to the church communicating a warning to Corinth that some people have died in the congregation because they have not appropriately approached the sacrament.  This is a passage that can make someone approach the supper with great caution.  In fact, someone might not want to come to the supper at all considering that there are people who have died in the past.  Why would we come to the Lord’s table when there is such a stern and fixed warning in Scripture? 

Worship Elements: Communion: Passover (Ex. 12)

The Lord’s people have been enslaved for 400 years and doubt whether or not the Lord is really with them.  The Lord promises that his people will not remain in slavey.   So, what how is the Lord going to deliver His people from this time of slavery?  What is Israel going to do in light of this deliverance that the Lord promises? How does this deliverance pave the way for the Lord’s Supper? 

Worship Elements: Communion: Sacrifices (Leviticus 7)

Moses lays out the expectations for the sacrificial system with Israel. Moses communicates essential points of this sacrificial system from Leviticus 7.  This chapter teaches us that there are feasts anyone can eat, other feasts only the priests, and then there are offerings that are not eaten at all by the priests.  Why does the Lord have some meals with his people?  Why does the Lord have some meals with the priests?  What does any of this have to do with the Lord’s Supper?

Worship Elements: Pleasing to the Lord (Colossians 3:18-4:1)

The apostle Paul exhorts fathers, wives, and bondservants to live out their lives before the Lord’s face.  The Lord does not only exhort adults to life a life pleasing to the Lord, but Paul also exhorts children.  Why would Paul exhort children to obey their parents for that pleases the Lord?  Could there be implications in this exhortation for baptism?  

Worship Elements: Baptized in Christ (Romans 6)

The apostle Paul exhorts us to walk in the Spirit as people who have moved from death to life in Christ.  He also exhorts us to walk in light of our baptism moving us from death to life in Christ.  Is Paul teaching that as one receives baptism that one necessarily receives the Holy Spirit?  Why would Paul use such strong language regarding baptism? 

Circumcision and Baptism (Col. 2:11,12)

One can see the force of the argument that circumcision is a fleshly covenant which is tied to the flesh while Baptism is a sign that communicates spiritual renewal and spiritual washing.  It is conceivable to think that maybe Paul is making a historic progression meaning that we move from circumcision, fleshly covenant, to baptism, a true spiritual realization, after Christ’s coming. So, why would people baptize infants if the Lord has changed the significance of the covenantal sign?