Deuteronomy is Moses’ farewell address to Israel. This address is tragic as Moses is about to die. However, the day Moses delivers this speech is not just a day of mourning because this is a context where Moses is close to passing the baton to Joshua. Israel is about to finally enter into the promised land. Is this finally a time when the Sabbath will be fully realized? Is Moses optimistic about Israel’s performance? What does Moses have to say as he says goodbye to this exodus people?
Exodus 15 gives us a picture of a Sabbath celebration. Moses and the Israelites join together in praising God for the manifestation of His redemption. We can understand Israel joining together in this victory chorus because this is the conclusion of their 400 some years of enslavement and suffering. What does this celebration say about the Lord and his provision? What is the ultimate hope that we see by God delivering His people? How is this hope very relevant for us today?